Art Nouveau Jewellery


At times, some fashion trends are so beautiful, yet so classically austere that humans like to stretch away from their seriousness, if only for a few months or years. 

That was the case with Art Nouveau, which was born in the same period as the fascinating Edwardian Jewellery fashion that we talked about earlier, and the Art Deco trend, the third jewellery protagonist of the end of the 19th Century.

The three distinct trends that influenced fashion, jewellery, and many more arts such as architecture developed and died down over the course of a mere 25 years. They were all born at the end of Queen Victoria’s reign, outlived her son’s King Edward VII reign, and ended abruptly, with the first World War that demanded all jewellery to be given to the war effort.

Art Nouveau as a fashion and jewellery trend is fascinating to observe, with beautiful shapes, colors, and techniques that differ greatly from the precision of the Edwardian jewellery style, giving more freedom to the wearer.

We can still enjoy pieces of a great beauty created during that period, which has lasted up to our days despite the fragility of some of the materials used to craft those jewels. At Carus Jewellery, we are so fascinated by the artistry molten into intricacy and detail that we felt like sharing the secrets of Art Nouveau with you.

Art Nouveau Jewellery: A Thriving Social Context

Spanning over the course of 25 years, from 1890 up to the first World War, the Art Nouveau period started with Queen Victoria, sparking the interest of the art-driven European and American populations, only to die a few years after King Edward VII’s reign.

Those two decades were a flourishing era for Europe and the United States; Art Nouveau was to be spotted in all kinds of arts and in society. It was a time for scintillating jewellery under King Edward VII, a time for endless high-society balls, a time for fun and social upheaval.

That peaceful period allowed factory-based work to increase, the middle classes to blossom, and minds to rest.

Techniques of Art Nouveau: Fascinating Craftmanship

No matter how much factories helped lower classes emerge and access wealth, jewellers of the end of the 19th Century felt that jewellery has lost in originality, creativity, and quality.

Art Nouveau’s jewellers responded to the increasing mass-produced goods movement the same way Edwardian jewellers did; with a strong return to hand crafted jewellery. Imperfection was once more fashionable, the artisan craft became even more valuable than precious stones and metals, and sat Art Nouveau’s pieces as pure art.

A few distinct craftmanship techniques appeared during the Art Nouveau movement, encompassed by famous jewellers such as René Lalique or Georges Fouquet. Curves, light, transparency and colors of jewellery represented freedom and a level of artistry very specific to the Art Nouveau era.

The Whiplash line, for instance, was an undulating motif that was the base of many a piece of Art Nouveau jewellery, whether they were fauna, flora or feminine patterns. That line symbolized sexuality and eroticism at a time when women became revered, almost feared because of their increasing liberties, with the right to vote, for instance.

Plique-à-jour, on the other hand, which relied on the materials more than on the color and light, brought back enameling in style.

Plique-à-jour and its stained glass, multidimensional effect was a technique that consisted in applying a thin layer of enamel in holes created by the separation of the metal setting. The jewellery created with plique-à-jour boasts light, transparent features.

Guilloché, a fascinating engraving technique already highly used in the Edwardian era, also made its mark on Art Nouveau jewellery; relied on mechanically-engraved intricate, very fine designs.

Not only were the techniques of the Art Nouveau period delicate and innovative in terms of jewellery, but they also complemented all sorts of colorful stones and gems that were selected for their beauty rather than their price.

Art Nouveau: Antique Colourful Intricacies

In the Art Nouveau period, intricate jewellery made its apparition once again. Confronted to a very exclusive diamond and platinum-based trend of Edwardian jewellery happening at the same time, Art Nouveau jewellers took freedom in creating colorful pieces that can be recognized at the glance of an eye even today.

Patterns of insects like wasps, bees and grasshoppers, flowers, plants, fruits were very current, designed in intricacy and richness of colors and enamels. Art Nouveau designs also regularly featured women-like motifs like nymphs and fairies, often eroticised and romanticised at the same time.

As far as materials go, diamonds were left to the Edwardian movement except for accents, and less noble stones were preferred; pearls, amethyst, opal, garnet or amber. 

With the return to nature in patterns, materials followed, with moonstone, shell, and horn often decorating Art Nouveau jewellery.

Why is Art Nouveau important to us today?

The Art Nouveau movement embodies everything that the European population needed to counter the austerity and geometric lines of the diamond-based Edwardian jewellery. It rose to fashion and fell almost as quickly in oblivion, as WWI stroke Europe.

After the end of the war, the fun life was forgotten and the modern world followed instinctively straight lines and fashions. However, the Art Nouveau movement brought more innovations than we can count, whether it be in jewels, architecture or paint.

Art Nouveau vintage jewellery is still mentioned today for intricate, stunning curves of art, and grew in response to an ever-increasing factory-based society, as a last token of artistic appreciation of nature and feminine shapes.

When life gets tough, we find that color and beautiful shapes help in lifting our moods and letting happiness in our life. That is why Art Nouveau is so important to this date, and why Carus Jewellery loves pieces of this era. 

Whether you are looking for a brooch or a pendant to wear in your daily life or for more formal occasions, take a look at those beautiful gems to further understand how Art Nouveau can make us so happy, even in 2021.

Georgian Jewellery


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The Georgian era, almost fully set in the Age of Enlightenment, boasts a magnificent history of evolution and discoveries, of hopes and beauty. A time of highly-changing ways of life, it lived through a never-before-experienced way of approaching culture and fashion.

The industrial revolution triggered endless and relentless changes, from the rapid increase of factory-based work to the abolition of slavery in England that brought about more freedom than the world had known in the past centuries. With more liberty in culture and society manners, fashion and more specifically jewellery both shared the spotlight under the Georgian era.

At Carus Jewellery, we feel it is especially important to write about the history of our antique jewellery so you can make the best choices when it comes to selecting pieces on par with your style, that reflect the moods and values you stand by in life. A neo-classical Georgian piece, for instance, would touch the romantic, Greek mythology aficionado in you, just as a delicately-crafted memento mori brooch would echo your melancholic depths.

With a large panel of ever changing styles, the Georgian era, spanning well over a century is the very image of craft, quality and innovation. To this date, Georgian jewellery is still worn and collected with as much pleasure as it was back in those flourishing days, with the remembrance of evolving times and values. From pearls to symbolism, dive with Carus into the fascinating history of the Georgian Jewellery.

The Georgian Era: A society marked by significant changes

Set between 1714 and 1830 (with many lengthening the period until 1837), the Georgian era was named after four Hanoverian Kings of England, namely George I, George II, George III and George IV, although it also includes William IV’s reign.

A period of significant changes, the Georgian era was marked by the Industrial Revolution which started around 1760 and profoundly changed the world to birth the society we now know, replacing a highly rural society with a factory-based one, thus increasing the living standards for the largest part of the population.

Further major historical events deeply tainted the Georgian era; such as the abolition of slavery in England and Napoleon’s campaign of Egypt at the very end of the 18th Century. This century was an era of wars, discoveries, and cultural development that all combined, greatly influenced jewellery as we know it today.

Georgian Jewellery: Breathtaking Craft and Beauty

The oldest antique jewellery period, the Georgian jewellery era was based on thorough, minutious handcrafting that is legendary to this day since it involved high quality materials finely worked into irregular, natural shapes respecting the stones and metals.

The early Georgian period saw many pieces of jewellery disappear as they were most often melted, reshaped or remounted to create new pieces of jewellery to keep up with the movements and trends of the period. What is to be remembered is the quality of the craftsmanship and the innovations thought up to match the rising demand of the newly developed society.

While diamond and gold 18K were very much en vogue and sought after for evening pieces, the Georgian era witnessed a rise in the use of less noble metals, such as silver, to set the stones. Iron and steel were also largely used, as was the pinchbeck, named after its inventor, a zinc and copper alloy that was created as a substitute for gold to relieve the low stocks in precious metals.

The beauty of the Georgian Jewellery also lies in the ability for jewellers back in the day to adapt the skills to the stones. Not only were the stones carefully cut by hand, but as they were rare and expensive, settings were created for each gemstone, rather than adapting the gemstones to the setting.

Irregularities and asymmetry are law in Georgian style jewellery, and the craft then lied in the precision as well as in the innovation and thought put in the creation of new metals and gemstone substitutes. 

Pastes and enamels, new creations of the 18th century that allowed for creativity and color, became appropriate and sought after jewellery as wars tore Europe apart and more expensive materials became scarce.

Georgian Jewellery: Innovation beyond measure

The Georgian era saw a boom in innovation in terms of jewellery trade. Inspired by French, Italian, German and Egyptian fashions and cultures, jewellers created nature-inspired motifs and intricately designed pearl and gem-based jewellery items to follow the trends of the evolving cultures all around Europe.

The Georgian era rendered accessible jewellery to the emerging middle class, when it had reserved the privilege to the aristocracy until then. Jewellery was not to be reserved for evening use exclusively, instead, expensive jewellery such as diamonds was worn for the evening.

Multiple use jewellery was a trend, where a brooch could double as a pendant, or earrings called day and night earrings could be disassembled into two pieces and combined together again to create a drop earring for the evening. 

During the day, one could also wear jewellery set with emeralds, rubies, topaz and various glass overlays and pastes that made jewellery more accessible and creative.

The invention of metals such as pinchbeck and Berlin iron echoed vividly the current society economy. For instance, Berlin iron, with its beautiful matte black finish, was created as a reward for the population’s war effort. Indeed, wars were partly funded with the precious materials melted from the people’s jewellery - they would give it towards the war and would be given back a replica of their item made from Berlin iron, often engraved with German words standing for “I gave gold for iron”.

A popular design, the cameo, remained a favourite until the Victorian era, and saw the use of amber, ivory, pearls and coral increase drastically. Colored foils were all widely used to improve the brilliance and the reflectivity of gemstones, especially less valuable ones.

Georgian Jewellery: Motifs and Influences

Bows, ribbons, leaves, feathers and foliage were a common sight in jewellery of that time.

Although nature-inspired patterns were all the rage all throughout the Georgian era, a definite evolution in shapes and delicacy can be witnessed as years passed. An early Georgian style would still be greatly influenced by a heavy Baroque style, large, lace-like, symmetric and intricate.

On the other hand, around 1750, the Rococo movement inked the jewellery styles with delicate, open and asymmetrical designs that were the total opposite of the Baroque that had boasted such bold designs up till that time.

Georgian jewellery featuring Greak and Roman motifs, called Neo-Classical Georgian, was created in the 1760s during the excavation of Pompeii’s ruins and is highly sought after even today. However, it is also rare to come across as many pieces were handcrafted and were lost, damaged, molten or remounted in time.

Napoleon also greatly influenced Georgian jewellery styles as he brought in motifs of pyramids and papyrus leaves after his Egyptian campaign. All throughout the century, Georgian jewellery was equally marked by human figures, such as eyes, hearts and hands, and Memento Mori jewellery - “Remember you will die” was a common sight traditionally ordered by women for their family.

It is always interesting to see how influential our environment is when it comes to jewellery, fashion and more generally societal trends. Thanks to the length of the period, Georgian jewellery morphed into many different styles and is split into earlier and later Georgian movements, much like the Victorian era, building a foundation for jewellery as we know it today.

Georgian Jewellery: The birth of modern jewellery

Without a doubt, the innovation showcased by Georgian jewellers paved the way to our modern jewellery, combining the established elegance of diamond and gold with newly introduced gems such as emeralds or topaz.

The rural exodus triggered by the industrial revolution and various wars increased the standard of life of many in Europe and in the USA, allowing them access to fashion and culture until then reserved to the aristocracy.

In keeping up with rising demand, and to offer jewellery despite low stocks of expensive materials such as gold, Georgian jewellery not only created new materials but new ways of thinking jewellery, a fun, colorful way that defined jewellery in our modern era and that we, at Carus Jewellery, are proud to present to you.

Victorian Jewellery

The Exciting Million-Dollar Guide to Antique Victorian Jewellery History

Have you ever wondered what kind of jewellery ladies would have worn “back in the day”?  Rivière necklaces, finely clustered rings, metals that fell out of fashion throughout history and brooches so shiny they would have made our heads turn...

At Carus Jewellery, we are very much antique jewellery aficionados - not a day goes by that we don’t think of the shine of a fine rose cut gem, or wonder about long-lost jewellery craftsmanship.

Our modern world is used to pushing forward delicate pieces of jewellery all more technical than the next, but we firmly stand by our vision: no piece of jewellery will ever be as appealing as one charged with history, pre worn and cherished in bygone times, by a romantic lady who would have been gifted by a courting lover that new ring or necklace your heart has just set on.

The Victorian era, in particular, has brought about tremendous changes to society as we know it, with its mass-produced jewellery and factory-based handiwork. But it was not always the case. The Victorian era, rich in society changes and romantic attributions, brought various possibilities of beauty to women of these days.

If you are looking for the perfect item for your anniversary or the birthday of a cherished one, we highly recommend you to inform yourself on the exciting Victorian Jewellery History.

You will learn about romanticism, beauty, hope and art - all combined together and influencing our life and aesthetics to a great extent even today… Dive with Carus into the ultimate guide to the History of Victorian Jewellery.

The Victorian Era: Social Expansion and Life Changing Discoveries 

From the Past… To the Future of Jewellery

The Victorian era started when Queen Victoria ascended to the throne in 1837, and the beginning of her reign marks the abrupt end of the Georgian era.

We remember the Georgian era to be the first to witness factory-based work, a rural exodus, the emergence of a middle class that would now have access to jewellery that was until then reserved to the aristocracy. 

We also remember the scarcity of expensive metals such as gold and diamond, explaining the extensive and seemingly endless creativity of Georgian jewellers who invented pinchbeck, Berlin iron and glass pastes, among other fascinating metals and ornaments of the 18th Century.

Influences of Victorian Jewellery

The Victorian era, a continuity of the Georgian era in terms of history, was equally its own beautiful era in terms of jewellery and personality. The 64-year long reign of Queen Victoria, from 1837 to 1901 witnessed an exponential social growth in terms of culture, art, industry and society, all of which influenced greatly fashion and more particularly jewellery.

Expeditions, discoveries around the world sharply depict an era marked with growth and hope translated into delicate, innovative designs based on symbolism. The Gold Rush in the USA, the American Civil war, various excavations in Greece and Italy and the ever-so-increasing financial stability of the new middle class all influenced closely the Victorian jewellery styles.

Fascinating Jewellery Movements of the Victorian Era

Much like the Georgian Jewellery era, the Victorian Jewellery era was split into distinct movements that were characterized by specific motifs and the use of materials variating according to the times.

During the Victorian era, various metals shaped up the most intricate, delicate designs; pinchbeck was still very much in vogue to replace gold, 18K to 22K gold, gold electroplate (an ancestor of gold plating) and less noble metals such as steel and aluminium were also used largely. 

Already known gemstones were widely used; from diamonds to rubies and emeralds, but the Victorian era saw a rise in the use of more sustainable, natural materials when cameos became all the rage, since they were mainly crafted from shell, lava stone and coral, or when jet and onyx became staples of mourning jewellery during the Grand Period of Queen Victoria’s reign.

The Romantic Period: Beauty, Hope and Love

The Romantic Period or Early Victorian era spread from 1837 to 1861 and coincided with the length of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert’s marriage. By gifting Queen Victoria a betrothal ring depicting a snake with its tail in its mouth - a symbol of eternal love, that’s how the Victorian Jewellery era started. This era cradled immense romanticism molten into delightful love motifs and abruptly ended in 1861, at the death of Prince Albert.

Common techniques during the early Victorian era comprised the Repoussé, a technique based on hammering metal into various designs, cannetille which featured intricate wire work designs or enamelling, that became very popular under Queen Victoria’s reign.

The Grand Period: Deep Mourning

The Grand Period or Middle Victorian era, spanning from 1861 to 1880, started after Prince Albert’s death.

The Prince’s death plunged Queen Victoria in a mourning deeply reflected by the dark jewellery and extensive use of spiritual, symbolic motifs produced after 1861. Jewellery from the Grand Period was often made out of jet, onyx or bog oak with a placement within the item made to bear woven hair and bearing inscriptions with the name and age of the person.

The Aesthetic Period: Art for Art’s Sake

The Aesthetic Period or Late Victorian era spread from 1880 to 1901 and ended with Queen Victoria’s death. 

After the Queen’s long period of mourning, jewellery started to bear different meanings, going forward and looking into the future. Jewellery trends dove well into the “Art for Art’s sake” movement, in which the beauty of the gemstones and the quality of the craftsmanship became prevalent. The monetary value was no longer a priority and feminine, ornate designs rose to fashion once more.

Victorian Jewellery Motifs and Patterns: A Panel of Possibilities

Inspirations of Victorian Jewellery Motifs

A wide array of motifs and patterns rose and fell out of popularity according to the times and movements they were mostly sported in. For instance, the early Victorian era, symbolised by Queen Victoria’s love for her husband, Prince Albert, and by the love of the people for their queen, displayed numerous love knots, hearts, eyes, anchors, hands, snakes as well as various nature-inspired patterns such as birds and leaves.

Once again, discoveries around the world would renew people’s interest for particular motifs, such as medieval enamelling.

As such, when the Suez canal was built, the Victorian era witnessed a rise in popularity of Egyptian patterns. Beetles and various insects became a whole jewellery trend during the Victorian era, not only inspired by the Egyptian culture but also revealing a melancholy of nature and countryside from a now factory-based society. Closer to home, archeological excavations - highly publicized at that time - brought Greek and Roman-inspired motifs to the spotlight again.

Aesthetic of the Victorian Jewellery

A wide array of gemstones was used throughout the Victorian era, from garnets to amber, from quartz to diamond, and during the romantic period often were combined in such a way that the arrangement of the gemstones to spell a word - acrostic jewels could read DEAREST, REGARD and other sentimental words.

Cameos, cabochons, chokers were all very much in vogue all throughout the different Victorian periods. The Grand Period saw flowers rise in popularity again to symbolise life, immortality, true love and absence. Ivy, Forget-Me-Nots, pansies and various nature-inspired motifs influenced greatly the Grand Period jewellery.

A wide aesthetic depicts the Victorian Jewellery era, a period in which jewellery was massively factory-produced. Although the Grand Period ended with hand crafted jewellery, the possibilities and options brought about by so many patterns and motifs now mostly factory-produced have a way of reminding us of our 21st century visions.

Influences of the Victorian Jewellery era on Modern Times

Victorian Jewellery influenced our modern vision of jewellery as much, if not more, as the Georgian era or jewellery. Queen Victoria’s 64-year long reign marked fast society changes, from industrial growth to cultural discoveries and her own personal life further influenced the aesthetic of the jewellery trends of the 19th century.

From new symbols for love like the snake to the continuous use of mourning jewellery during her reign, the Victorian era brought about refreshing visions of love and sentimentality . To this date, Victorian Jewellery is a symbol of true love and hope by whoever gifts it to you. 

At Carus Jewellery, we work to broaden our collection of Victorian jewellery, as Victorian designs that were popular from Queen Victoria’s ascension to the throne to her death are still as popular today - history, and sentiment-laden, and make very much sense to any jewellery bearer. 

We are looking to make detail-seekers happy; if you are looking for the perfect item to add to your collection or gift to a special person, consider a beautiful gem-clustered bracelet, or an exciting, antique brooch that will contribute beautifully to your collection.

Edwardian Jewellery

Twinkling Facts and Fascination

Kings and queens have shaped the jewellery scene as we know it for centuries. Geographical discoveries have inspired timeless patterns and shapes, and wars have morphed materials and creativity into magical, ethereal expressions of love and beauty in jewellery.

Among the many beautiful jewellery periods that influenced creation, the Edwardian era carries its weight in terms of materials and delicacy. After one of the longest eras in jewellery, the Victorian era that was filled with discoveries around the world and creativity molded into mass-production, the Edwardian jewellery period brought about its lot of beauty and fun.

How has the Edwardian jewellery era helped in bringing to life jewellery we are still wearing to this day? Why is it that important to our modern society? How, even, can Edwardian jewellery outlive its 20th Century blossoming and be modernized and cherished today? That is what, at Carus Jewellery, we want to show today - so you can understand the history of our most beautiful pieces - and make them your own.

The Edwardian Era: A brief historical context

The Edwardian era follows the reign of Queen Victoria, a reign during which jewellery trends were largely influenced by the Queen’s deep feelings for her husband and her people. The Victorian era was one of creativity in jewellery, following the moods and trends of the Queen herself, from floral and romantic designs to the use of dark materials after her husband, Prince Albert’s death.

The mass-production of jewellery taking place during the Victorian era was triggered by the increase of factories, giving way to a new middle class that could afford wealthy and colorful jewellery for soirées. 

The Edwardian era, on the other hand, focuses more intently on the aristocracy, following the luxurious ways of King Edward VII, Queen Victoria and Prince Albert’s eldest son, and his wife Queen Alexandra. Technically speaking, the Edwardian era already started in 1890, when the young couple started making the trends in jewellery and fashion. Enamels and glass pastes were far less used, giving way to wealthy materials and gems such as diamond and platinum.

The Gilded Age lived alongside two other popular movements, Arts & Crafts and Art Nouveau and although they shared some stylistic features, they were all but different in terms of lines, materials and cuts. The Edwardian era only took an end at the beginning of WWI, which required all valuables to be lent to the war effort - a short era that is characterized by the richness of its materials and techniques.

Styles and Motifs of the Edwardian Jewellery

Wealthy materials and techniques to accompany the aristocrat luxury

The Edwardian era almost entirely dismissed the mass-produced jewellery techniques brought about by the Georgian and more broadly, the Victorian era. Rather, handcrafted jewellery strongly came back in style, detailed, intricate, exquisite - to the image of King Edward II and his love of opulence.

Indeed, luxurious materials were the protagonist of jewellery shaped during the Edwardian era, with diamonds paving the way. The Cartier house became the official jewellery supplier to King Edward VII and melted platinum into many styles of the era. Pearls were also a very widely used material, complimenting the white and pastel fashion styles of the moment and became at that time more valuable as diamonds, which became more affordable in the Edwardian era.

Sapphires, diamonds and pearls were sourced from all around the world in this period of prosperity and peace. More colorful gems were also very much in fashion, such as amethysts and garnets, bringing color to a very monochromatic period in the history of jewellery.

Edwardian Jewellery: patterns and motifs inspired by light

Lightness and finesse were a priority of La Belle Époque, and rendered possible by the wide use of platinum, a more affordable and easier-to-work material than gold. Strong and white, it suited the trends of the feminine fashion of the time perfectly while allowing intricate, lace-like settings and patterns.

New jewellery techniques were developed during the Edwardian jewellery era, among which filigree settings and invisible settings that made the diamonds appear to float lightly on the skin. Jewellery of that time was lent a rich, whimsical finesse look, often through the use of another technique called millegrain, that nested pearls around the edges of jewellery pieces, thus making the metal disappear into the intricacy of the design.

In terms of styles, luxurious, heavy jewellery made its way into the royal balls, from heavy rings to delicately crafted sautoirs, a type of long pearl necklace often ending in tassels. Chokers, also called dog collars, were heavily ornate, tight-fitting necklaces sporting rows upon rows of gems or pearls on velvet, and were all the rage under King Edward VII’s reign.

Bracelets with a strong front section and plain links that tapered away under the wrist also shared the spotlight, leaving the gems on the front to twinkle magically. Tiaras and bandanas could at that time double as necklaces or bracelets, and brooches were still very much en vogue, giving a multi dimension to an already rich period in jewellery.

Very delicate motifs were molten into timeless designs, often in a dropping pattern; ribbon bows, hearts, flowers and leaves, suggesting finesse, light and frivolity that characterises the Edwardian era and fashion to perfection.

Rows upon rows of pearls, stil all natural at that time, would showcase opulence, mimicking the competition to wealth that aristocrats of all countries showcased during King Edward VII’s coronation. As such, rings were stacked, necklaces were crafted in rows of delicacy, with large center gems and drop patterns.

Edwardian Jewellery and modern society

The exquisite period of Edwardian wealth suddenly came to a stop when the First World War broke out in 1914, four years after King Edward VII’s death. All the valuables were promptly given to the war effort, and the war brought to a halt Buckingham Palace high-society parties and aristocratic balls.

Some of the openness and light characteristics of the Edwardian jewellery trends can still be observed in today’s jewellery, for instance with the millegrain technique of making the metal disappear under a delicate design, and all of the jewellery created around that period is still very much wearable today.

The refined period of jewellery that is the Edwardian era secured a place in our collections with timeless pieces that you can still come across toda. The affluence and subtlety of the Edwardian jewellery makes pieces from this period a flashy, yet delicate present for yourself or a loved one. Should you wish to own a valuable that personifies opulence, wealth and an all-around beautiful period of peace in your life, Carus Jewellery is prompt to help you find the jewellery of your dreams. Here is one of my favorites:

Art Deco Jewellery

The first world war had a huge effect on art and design of which jewellery was, of course, a part of. After 1918 the delicate Garland designs of the Edwardian period where completely out of fashion. As where the naturalistic designs of the Art Nouveau movement. In their place where geometric designs and an Egyptian revival, thanks to the discovery of King Tutankhamun`s tomb in 1922. In 1925 the “ Exposition Internationale des Art decoratifs et Industriels Modernes “ was opened in Paris and with it the start of the Art Deco Jewellery period. The expo was a huge success attracting millions of visitors.

Brooches during the Art Deco period were a firm favourite. The 1920s saw the double clip brooch become very popular. These were brooches formed of two interlocking dress clips, they were also know as “Duette Brooches”. Industrialization greatly affected both Art Deco designs and techniques. With machines being used for the first time to cut gemstones. This lead to advances in the number and type of facets that could be used. From these advances, the modern round brilliant cut was born and remains as popular today as it was back then.

The Art Deco period was famous for the flapper necklace, an absolute most for the jazz scene of the roaring twenties. During the 1920s necklaces tended to be long and thin. With bead necklaces ending in a tassel becoming very popular.

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